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Hwang, Young. 2020. Current change in the loanword tonology of North Kyungsang Korean. Studies in Phonetics, Phonology and Morphology 26.1, 185-204. 

Previous studies on the loanword tonology of North Kyungsang (NK) Korean have asserted that vowel length has a close relationship with tone assignment; English loanwords that contain a long vowel in the initial syllable must be assigned double high accent. Recently, however, Kim (2018) has shown that vowel length is no longer phonetically distinctive for younger NK speakers. Since vowel length is a crucial cue for double high accent, the present study conducted a production task with two distinct age groups (younger and older) to examine if the loss of long vowels in the production of younger NK speakers has any influence on their loanword tone assignment pattern. The results show that an intergenerational tone change is in progress and younger speakers produce double high accent less frequently than older speakers. The results also exhibit that polysyllabic loanwords are more affected by the tone change, and the newly assigned tone patterns follow the tone assignment patterns of loanwords with a light initial syllable. (Indiana University)

Keywords : North Kyungsang dialect , intergenerational tone change, vowel length distinction, English loanwords
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